Brown Aquatic Frog

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Brown Aquatic Frogs

The African dwarf frog is a type of aquatic frog native to parts of Equatorial Africa. It is common in the pet trade and is often mistaken for the African clawed frog, a similar-looking frog in the same family. African dwarf frogs (Hymenochirus) are also known as dwarf clawed frogs, or brown aquatic frogs and are very common nowadays in the ornamental fish trade.

African dwarf frogs live their entire lives underwater but need to rise to the surface to breathe air because they have lungs, so care should be taken to allow for this in the aquarium - do not house in a fish tank taller than 18" (so they can reach the surface) and leave a gap between the water level and lid. Aquatic brown frogs typically will not grow as large as African clawed frogs, nor develop sharp claws.

These frogs are suitable for housing with peaceful fish including bottom-feeders, and are safe with plants. Hiding places such as caves and perching places such as rocks are highly recommended though not essential.

Features
Approx. size: 1-2"
Maximum size: 6"
Origin: Africa
Family: Pipidae
Temperament: Peaceful
Ideal number kept together: 1+

Water Conditions
Our conditions: pH 7.5
Ideal pH: 6.0–8.0
Hardness: KH 4-10
Water flow: low/moderate
Temperature: 22–26 °C

Ease of Care
Easy. Very hardy but need to reach the surface to breathe. Prone to escaping, ensure they are housed with a secure lid, but well ventilated. For the well being of the frog, it is not recommended that they are handled, especially by young children.

Diet
Omnivore - The main food we recommend would be blood worm, small granules, and other sinking food. Mixing in some live or frozen brine, or other fresh alternatives can help enhance their health.

Compatibility
Peaceful, house with other peaceful fish but avoid nipping crabs or crayfish. Frogs have poor eyesight, and are generally OK with shrimp and snails.

Breeding
Not very easy common in captivity. African dwarf frogs mate in amplexus, during which the male grabs the female around the abdomen just in front of her back legs. The female becomes motionless and her front limbs may twitch sporadically. Amplexus usually happens at night after one or more nights of humming by the male. During amplexus, the female swims, laying eggs on the surface of the water, one at a time, whilst towing the male. She swims to the bottom between layings. The male fertilizes the eggs during this time by releasing sperm into the water. Amplexus can last for several hours. When the female has laid all her eggs she signals the male once more by going motionless, and after several minutes, the male releases the female and she returns to her normal behavior.

Life Span
They can live to 5+ years in perfect conditions.

For more information on general fishkeeping and our shipping procedures click here.